Tuesday, March 29, 2016



Image result for interdisciplinarity quotationsImage result for interdisciplinarity quotations


I  predict that the coming LENR era will be based on systems thinking, design thinking and a very broad interdisciplinary approach to the problems.
This morning I have read a fine paper about interdisciplinarity as lived and created by Prof, Neri Oxman (see LENR IN CONTEXT-1) suggesting kind of natural symbiosis beween the disciplines.
Interdisciplinarity is not a new concept, it appears repeatedly in my PhD Thesis for which I have worked from 1971 to 1982 )on morphology of suspension poly-vinyl chloride. However it is a growing and fast renewable concept able to gain news senses, uses and modes. Neri Oxman is speaking about enhanced interdisciplinarity
calling it entanglement- really relevant for us, isn't it?

I believe LENR is  a spearhead, or future leader and example of the trend of augmented and deepened interdisciplinarity and nuclear physics alone will not be able to cope with the problems. There will be entangled technological, scientific, managerial, business, philosophical disciplines collaborating to create the LENR Era.
I have the impression you can find an almost complete list of those disciplines in my Ego Out writings.
Please agree with the title of this posting!
I think that it cannot be created a Theory-of- Everything-LENR based only on Physics.

Note: oldie but goldie: 
Ten Cheers for Interdisciplinarity: The Case for Interdisciplinary Knowledge and Research  


1) E- cat.com Website Updated to Reflect Relationship with Hydro Fusion (Becktemba)

2) Are LeonardoCorp, IndustrialHeat and HydroFusion the only #LENR #ECAT Licensees Left?

3) Alexander Prosvirnov:"Trends and tendances of the technological revolution."

4) News from China- via LENR FORUM
The experimental replication of the significant abnormal exothermic phenomenon observed with the Rossi E-CAT apparatus."

Translated by Bob Higgins
"An abnormal exothermic phenomenon was observed between nickel and lithium aluminum hydride fuel. The exothermic reaction lasted for 150 minutes. The temperature measured by the thermocouple at the outer wall of the reaction vessel was maintained 40-50 °C higher than the temperature of the thermocouple is installed between the reaction vessel and the furnace tube. This temperature rise is estimated to correspond to 100 watts of excess heat produced within the reaction vessel. An excess heat of 100 watts with an input power 682 watts is a ratio of 0.14 [and a COP of 1.14]. Multiplying the 150 minute duration by the ~100 watts of excess heat, the excess energy is calculated to be approximately 0.9 MJ. The maximum possible energy yield of the chemical reaction to 36 kJ; thus, the excess energy measured in this experiment exceeds the possible chemical energy by a factor of 25. Follow-up experiments will continue to attempt to improve the excess heat output. Acknowledgements: This work was supported by the China Institute of Atomic Energy. The author is grateful for guidance by his teacher, Song Jiang! Postscriptum: The author supplied the following image of the hot reaction vessel being extracted from the tube furnace during an experiment. The image elucidates well the assembly and thermocouple placement."

The translation:

5) From Andrea Rossi's blog

Gerard McEk
March 29, 2016 at 6:11 AM

Dear Andrea,
Can you give us impression how it is for you to wait for the ERV report? Is it nails-biting? Can you sleep? Are you nervous? Or does the work on the QuarkX extract your attention from that?
How do you think the energy market would react when you would start to massively produce E-cats?
Thanks, kind regards, Gerard
Andrea Rossi
March 29, 2016 at 7:58 AM

Gerard McEk:
I am just patiently waiting for it. Obviously I am very anxious. F9.
About how the market will react if Leonardo Corporation will produce massively the E-Cats: if the product is good, they will buy it.
Warm Regards,


How Nature Can Inspire New Technologies
We are entering an "age of entanglement" - of disciplines


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    Quantum Hydrogen-Bond Symmetrization and High-Temperature Superconductivity in Hydrogen Sulfide

    There seems to be a connection between hydrides metalized by the application of high pressure, superconductivity onset, and the onset of the LENR reaction. It has been determined that the high pressure modifies the nature of molecular bonds which bring about superconductivity.

    These new theoretical recently published results suggest that the quantum nature of hydrogen - meaning that it can behave like a particle or a wave - strongly affects the recently discovered hydrogen Sulphur superconductor, a compound that when subjected to extremely high pressure, is the highest-temperature superconductor yet identified. This research is new step towards understanding the underlying physics of high temperature superconductivity.

    These new theoretical results suggest that the quantum behavior of hydrogen may be the reason for the onset of superconductivity, as it changes the structure of the chemical bonds between atoms.

    In the strange world of quantum physics, according to a rule known as Heisenberg's uncertainty principle, in any situation in which a particle has two linked properties, only one can be measured and the other must be uncertain.

    When a molecule is compressed, the position of the hydrogen atoms is fixed and is less able to move. This makes the momentum more uncertain in these chemical bounds thus gaining energy.

    Hydrogen, being the lightest element of the periodic table, is the atom most strongly subjected to quantum behavior. Its quantum nature affects structural and physical properties of many hydrogen compounds. An example is high-pressure ice, where quantum fluctuations of the proton lead to a change in the way that the molecules are held together, so that the chemical bonds between atoms become symmetrical.

    The researchers behind the current study believe that a similar quantum hydrogen-bond symmetrisation occurs in the hydrogen sulphide superconductor.

    Theoretical models that treat hydrogen atoms as classical particles predict that at extremely high pressures, the atoms sit exactly halfway between two Sulphur atoms, making a fully symmetrical structure. However, at lower pressures, hydrogen atoms move to an off-center position, forming one shorter and one longer bond.

    The researchers have found that when considering the hydrogen atoms as quantum particles behaving like waves, they form symmetrical bonds at much lower pressures - around the same as those used for the German-led experiment, meaning that quantum physics, and symmetrical hydrogen bonds, were behind the record-breaking superconductivity.

    "That we are able to make quantitative predictions with such a good agreement with the experiments is exciting and means that computation can be confidently used to accelerate the discovery of high temperature superconductors," said study co-author Professor Chris Pickard of Cambridge's Department of Materials Science & Metallurgy.
    According to the researcher's calculations, the quantum symmetrisation of the hydrogen bond has a tremendous impact on the vibrational and superconducting properties of hydrogen sulphide. "In order to theoretically reproduce the observed pressure dependence of the superconducting critical temperature the quantum symmetrisation needs to be taken into account," said the study's first author, Ion Errea, from the University of the Basque Country and Donostia International Physics Center.

    The discovery of such a high temperature superconductor suggests that room temperature superconductivity might be possible in other hydrogen-rich compounds. The current theoretical study shows that in all these compounds, the quantum motion of hydrogen can strongly affect the structural properties, even modifying the chemical bonding, and the electron-phonon interaction that drives the superconducting transition.

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    "Theory and computation have played an important role in the hunt for superconducting hydrides under extreme compression," said Pickard. "The challenges for the future are twofold - increasing the temperature towards room temperature, but, more importantly, dramatically reducing the pressures required."

    Metallization of yttrium hydride (YH3) and the perovskite hydrides CaCoH: and CaNiH3 both showing LENR activity produce superconductivity. Another possible route to a metallic hydrogen substitute at significantly lower pressure might be through the ternary hydrides. The lowest pressure induced superconductor is Lithium Aluminum hydride that metalizes at 43 GPa. In a ternary hydride, the heaver that the third element is, the lower that the metallization pressure becomes. Replacing aluminum with a heavier element will reduce the pressure required for metallization making LENR easier to achieve.

    Reaction of the ruthenium diamine complex CpRu(tmeda)Cl (tmeda = tetramethylethylenediamine) with LiAlH4 afforded the novel pentaruthenium cluster Cp5Ru5H7 in the tbp geometry. The pentaruthenium cluster 2 shows a dynamic process, including site exchange between the axial and the equatorial metal atoms, via a novel type of pseudorotation.


    The reaction of the ruthenium diamine complex CpRu(tmeda)Cl (1; Cp = η5-C5H5) with LiAlH4 afforded the novel pentaruthenium cluster Cp5Ru5H7 (2) in the tbp geometry. The mixed-ligand cluster Cp4Cp*Ru5H7 (4; Cp* = η5-C5Me5) was derived in a similar manner from 1 and Cp*Ru(acac). Complex 2 exhibits a new type of fluxional behavior that involves exchange of the CpRu groups among the axial sites and the equatorial sites. The use of this compound might be why the Lugano fuel contained molybdenum.