Tuesday, February 9, 2016

FEB 09, 2016 LENR HAS ROOTS BUT NEEDS WINGS

MOTTO




True for LENR too but PLEASE UNDERSTAND THIS IS A METAPHOR!

DAILY NOTES

a) The Motto explained

Explained to whom? It is easy to understand what LENR's roots are and any strategic gardener knows what to make with/to them. More difficult with wings but they wll come soon too. And I will report about them.

b) Ed Storms contribution- thanks!

Peter, I would like to address the issue of IP as discussed very well by Bob and Lennart on your Blog.  The value of IP comes from its ability to describe a practical device worthy of making a profit by its sale. Theory and basic understanding can not be patented or used to make a profit. Normally, this basic understanding comes from university research or from governments grants, all of which are freely published but not available to LENR.  Companies then use this basic information to design devices that can be patented. For example, the laws of thermodynamics are discussed freely and then used to design unique methods to cause useful chemical reactions that are then patented.  It is this basic understanding I suggest be discussed and resolved by a sponsored symposium.


At the present time, LENR falls outside of many well known laws.  For a company to keep this basic understanding about LENR secret and count on using the new laws to advance their application is folly. It is folly because no single individual or group has the ability to fully understand and expand the understanding.  Progress at this level is only achieved by broad discussion involving many viewpoints.  Right now, the kind of discussion that is required is not happening in the LENR field and would not happen on line. Such discussion can only be effective when people can interact face to face and are encouraged to argue their viewpoint.  

As anyone who has extensive university training, such interactions are used as the focal point of any good PhD program. Making your argument before your peers and a good professor is guaranteed to clarify fuzzy thinking and bad ideas.  There is no escape from such encounters, such as exists on the web, to allow the errors to be maintained. Normal conferences, such as the ICCF, do not do the job because they are not designed and required to do the job. A different design is required.

To clarify, no application would need to be discussed at the symposium I propose. Of course, people will use the revealed information to create patentable ideas, but this would be true of everyone.  The interaction gives every one an advantage, with the most observant and clever gaining the greater advantage. This is a consequence of every conference, including ICCF, but in this case the benefit would be greater. 

Still waiting to know if LENR will have a kind of Copenhagen Conference - when?

c) Brian Ahern's opinion- opposite to enchantment toward Rossi's patent


The Rossi patent is moot.
1. It contains no teaching.
2. One skilled in the art has no directives.
3. Rossi has no secret knowledge even if he agreed to share.
4. Rossi has been misleading the LENR community for six straight years. 


DAILY NEWS


Chemical and nuclear catalysis driven by localized anharmonic vibrations

In many-body nonlinear systems with sufficient anharmonicity, a special kind of lattice vibrations, namely, Localized Anharmonic Vibrations (LAV) can be excited either thermally or by external triggering, in which the amplitude of atomic oscillations greatly exceeds that of harmonic oscillations (phonons) that determine the system temperature. Coherency and persistence of LAV may have drastic effect on chemical and nuclear reaction rates due to time-periodic modulation of reaction sites. One example is a strong acceleration of chemical reaction rates driven by thermally-activated "jumps" over the reaction barrier due to the time-periodic modulation of the barrier height in the LAV vicinity. At sufficiently low temperatures, the reaction rate is controlled by quantum tunneling through the barrier rather than by classical jumping over it. A giant increase of sub-barrier transparency was demonstrated for a parabolic potential well with the time-periodic eigenfrequency, when the modulation frequency exceeds the eigenfrequency by a factor of ~2 (parametric regime). Such regime can be realized for a hydrogen or deuterium atom in metal hydrides/deuterides, such as NiH or PdD, in the vicinity of LAV. We present an analytical solution of the Schrodinger equation for a nonstationary harmonic oscillator, analyze the parametric regime in details and discuss its applications to the tunnel effect and to D-D fusion in PdD lattice. We obtain simple analytical expressions for the increase of amplitude and energy of zero-point oscillations (ZPO) induced by the parametric modulation. Based on that, we demonstrate a drastic increase of the D-D fusion rate with in-creasing number of modulation periods evaluated in the framework of Schwinger model, which takes into account suppression of the Coulomb barrier due to lattice vibrations.
Comments:7 pages, 7 figures
Subjects:Materials Science (cond-mat.mtrl-sci)
Cite as:arXiv:1602.02277 [cond-mat.mtrl-sci]
(or arXiv:1602.02277v1 [cond-mat.mtrl-sci] for this version)

Homage to the Low Energy Nuclear ReactionsLENR...

 klimt02.net/.../homage-low-energy-nuclear-reactions-lenr...

Gregory Goble's favorite LENR links
https://plus.google.com/107190105791959392745/posts/c48jsH3DrB4

Lattice Energy LLC - Electroweak neutron production explains anomalous CNO elements in atmospheres of white dwarf stars - Feb 8 2016

Alternative nuclear energetics. Our answer to A. Rossi
Альтернативная ядерная энергетика. Наш ответ А. Росси
http://123ru.net/sochi/44442981/

Rossi's E-Cat. Making an quartz reactor
E-Cat Росси. Подготовка кварцевого реактора.
http://www.getlinkyoutube.com/watch?v=Kx_ly7XHFuc

E-Cat, il dispositivo che permette di riscaldare casa con 20 dollari l’anno

LENR IN CONTEXT-1

Disruptive technologies

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=iC7YfDr8_hM

From Gregory Goble
Mars and Childhoods" End - The Beyond Envisioned by Arthur C. Clark
https://plus.google.com/107190105791959392745/posts/LiTsCSmNbGU


LENR IN CONTEXT-2

The Problem-Solving Process That Prevents Groupthink

Monday, February 8, 2016

FEB 8, 2016 LENR ON THE DAY OF TECHNOLOGICAL OPTIMISM.

MOTTO

Image result for revelations quotations


There is nothing worse than a sharp image of a fuzzy concept. (Ansel Adams)


DAILY NOTES

a) Personal anniversary

For me today it is the 30th anniversary of the Technological Optimism Day- when I created my alter-ego, Yves Henri Prum.
The quote by Arthur C. Clarke fits well the idea; I have promised to Arthur that one day Cold Fusion will be a real technology; he lived not enough to see this- I still hope I will.
The other quotation fits LENR disturbingly well.

b) Solving the 1 bilion $ donation for PdD problem

Rd Storms who really and creatively cares for the future of the field was the first to answer the question of 1 billion US$ funding of LENR


Peter, you ask - 
What will happen if Bill Gates and his group will donate a billion of $ to PdD?


I believe 90% of the donated money would be wasted because no agreement exists among the influencers about an effective approach or even about how LENR actually works.  Lack of focus and money over the years have resulted only in a collection of conflicting opinions.  

Before any money is granted, I would suggest an institute be created that would organize a series of symposium. The experts and other interested people would be assembled and required to work out their differences for as long as it took to reach common understanding. Of course, the total cost plus an honorarium to the participants would be covered by Gates.   

In the process, leaders would emerge who would be put in charge of distributing the grant money.  The debate would be recorded and be used to make clear who has the best ideas and where the focus should be applied.  Right now, only ignorance and conflict guide the field.

This was followed by vivid discussions- I will report about the conclusions.
However today, Storms has added something very important:

We need a Copenhagen Conference in this field. In the early days of quantum theory, very little agreement existed between the scientists. To resolve this problem, all the people involved in this subject were invited to Copenhagen to resolve their conflicts. This meeting helped reveal a path to a more effective approach to study the subject.  Fortunately, this approach could be taken because someone had the money to encourage the scientists to resolve their different opinions, unlike what is happening in LENR.  I'm not suggesting total agreement be sought or obtained, which is impossible. I suggesting improved understand be obtained, which is possible. 


This idea generates questions: WHERE? HOW? WHEN?
To start speaking realistically about it, to enumerate potential obstacles would be scientific defeatism. The Internet has endless possibilities.
Today I am an incorrigible optimist.

DAILY NEWS


1) From Vessy's Blog:
LENR Age: A video that I ask you to spread

Patrick Ellul
February 7th, 2016 at 4:54 PM

Dear Andrea,
At the end of the 1MW plant test, will you be free to tell us your own estimation of how much energy the plant consumed and produced during the test?
Best Regards
Patrick


Andrea Rossi
February 7th, 2016 at 5:56 PM

Patrick Ellul:
I think yes.
Warm Regards,
A.R.


3) M. Kalashnikov Rossi showing false information
Says NASA, China refusing to work with him

Росси оказывается ложным следом - m_kalashnikov

m-kalashnikov.livejournal.com/2586430.html




4) Biological Transmutations And Modern Physics | Best Home ...
104.236.197.214/biological-transmutations-and-modern-physics.html


5) Macroscopic Quantum Entanglement at Room Temperature
"We generated motional entanglement between vibrational states of two spatially separated, millimeter-sized diamonds at room temperature. [20] Unlike stars and fission reactors, LENRs do not emit any deadly MeV radiation; they occur in laboratory devices as well as at low rates in Nature elsewhere on Earth ? In LENRs, star-like nucleosynthesis of elements occurs under mild macroscopic conditions; e.g. at as little as room temperature and atmospheric pressure. [21] So we get room temperature superconductivity and macroscopic containers of liquid that demonstrate non-locality. [16]"

Sunday, February 7, 2016

FEB 7< 2016 LENR FAR FROM IDEALITY, INFO!

MOTTO

“The ideal is the enemy of the real.”  ( Susan BlockThe Bonobo Way)

Image result for ideal quotations



DAILY NOTES

a) Ideal or real what's the way to LENR's solutions?

My life: I got older and older while different things bad (80%) and good (20%) have happened to me- in part according to my ideas, actions and plans and I have tried to learn something useful and transmissible from them. Obviously I have learned all the time from many people and a lot of sources/. I had mentors, teachers and examples have developed some unbreakable prejudices however later I get rid from them by the erosion effect of the winds of history.
One general trend was - mainly because I was living in a society claiming its perfection- idealophobia; looking with extreme suspicion on anything called ideal-
political, social, moral. spiritual- and that went over even in the domain of science.
Here at EGO OUT you could follow my almost Dostoyevskian problems with the scientific high ideal of the the Scientific Method- how can/must it be applied to the opposite-of-ideal systems of Cold Fusion LENR when do you not own the adequate means and tools to ask Nature and to hear Her whispers mixed with noise.
Reality's interestingness, complexity and internal contradictions- make voracious  
mix with appetite for for ideals. 
I still feel guilty for not being for the Scientific Method at any price but I think we must find BUILD shortcuts to it.

b) The only cause of our problems in the LENR field.

My issue of yesterday Notes about the promising nano-gaps electrodes- a possible blessing for Ed Storm's Theory and questions regarding the causes of ourr 22 years delay in LENR- went unnoticed. One exception, a reader called Anonymous is angry with me for my bashing of the PdD wet faithful people. I have nothing with the people, I think the system is very weak to use the superlative euphemism.
Anonymous explains our troubles in an ideal mode: 

 The ONLY problem with research in LENR is the sabotage and denial of funding of any and all LENR research by the "true believers of the Coulomb barrier". 

What will happen if Bill Gates and his group will donate a billion of $ to PdD?

DAILY NEWS

1) 1 MW E-Cat Plant Watch Thread [UPDATE #39 — ‘No More Demos’ if Test Succeeds]


2) The Nature of Thermal Anomalies During Electrolysis of Light Water: The reversible hydrogen-neutron cycle ( B. A. Sidorov, and N. E. Nevessky)

3) Cold Fusion- a year later:
http://webtechreview.com/cold-fusion-a-year-later/

3) From Andrea Rossi's blog

Frank Acland
February 6th, 2016 at 4:16 PM

Dear Andrea,

You have mentioned that there have been many repairs required on the 1MW plant over the course of the year so far. This is of course understandable running a machine that has never been built before constantly for a year.

You have also said that there needs to be a redesign based on things you have learned from this test. Once you have redesigned, do you expect another long-term test, similar to the one you are now doing will have to be done for the next model?
Many thanks,
Frank Acland

Andrea Rossi- OK!
February 6th, 2016 at 4:23 PM
Frank Acland:
No.
Leonardo Corporation will pass to the industrialization of the E-Cat.
F9.
Warm Regards,
A.R.


Andrea Rossi daily report
February 7th, 2016 at 10:20 AM

Curiosone:
At 10.20 a.m. of Sunday February 7 2016:
1MW E-Cat: stable, after some leaks reparations
E-Cat X: still very promising, in operation
Warm Regards,
A.R.
4) About energy, the quantum vacuum and Orbo by Fernando Cobacho
http://www.e-catworld.com/2016/02/07/about-energy-the-quantum-vacuum-and-orbo-fernando-cobacho/

5) At the jubileum of the unlimited free energy, 5 years

У "неограниченной бесплатной" энергии юбилей, 5 лет!

http://aftershock.news/?q=node/370613 Google-translatable, not bad questions!

6) Competition to Achieve Viable Nuclear Fusion Heating Up
Eric Worrall

7) Russ George guides us to high level science
THE FORCE OF TIME
http://atom-ecology.russgeorge.net/2016/02/06/the-force-of-time/

8) Jed Rothwell LENR librarian emeritus about the access to the field's scientific journal
See JCMNS vol 18
http://lenr-canr.org/acrobat/BiberianJPjcondensedq.pdf
Here is the index for all volumes:
http://lenr-canr.org/wordpress/?page_id=14


9) Video 
La  Fusion Froide Interview with Jean Paul Biberian

LENR IN CONTEXT-1

"Disturbing" with D from Dunning
How Too Much Education Can Result in Ignorance

LENR IN CONTEXT-2

Energy 2050 Apocalypse - The Road to Exhaustion (Part 3)
http://endofenergy.blogspot.ro/2015/11/energy-2050-apocalypse-road-to.html
LENR not considered

Saturday, February 6, 2016

FEB 6, 2016 LENR- RESPONSIBILITY FOR 22 YEARS DELAY, GOOD INFO FOR A WEEKEND DAY (it rhymes)

MOTTO

Image result for "great task" quotations

What this lady writer-philosopher says for life is surely true for LENR today- as it was true for almost 27 long years. At least statistically- the spectrum of scientific theories is so broad , so charged with incompatibilities and contradictions that the dominant part of them must be purely illusory.
The existence of LENR is real beyond any doubt however its identity/identities, nature, extent, usability etc.,  are still strongly disputed- with a slight, however increasing trend toward focusing, pragmatism and rationality. Remember "islands of rationality in LENR"?

DAILY NOTES

a) Manna for Ed Storm's nanocrack-Hydroton theory?

Please look to the first link at LENR IN CONTEXT-1. Nano-gaps become
very important and subject of technologies- for manufacture and application.
Will this include LENR too? Only experiment can give a valid answer. Experiments have to be  Ed Storms, his supporters, the PdD faithful strong teams could contribute. Interesting development, anyway...

b) Life is beautiful sometimes- but 22 years of delay was too much!

The good quality video was published on the  Web yesterday and I have noticed it to you https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=smrZFEJ0Yhs . Today I have seen on Rossi's blog that it was created by Neri Accornero, I found the music very pleasant but (shame on me!) I could not identify it. My wife using the Shazam program on her tablet has found that it is: "La Vita e Bella"by Nicola  Piovani- a gem of the Italian light-classic music. (I have not seen the movie)
So life is beautiful however the video says at a moment: "Cold Fusion- 22 years delay" As an almost 79 years old '89-er faithful Cold Fusionist  I acutely feel personal responsibility for this huge delay. 
This statement in the video generates a dynamic bunch of questions- some paiinful to me, some confusing:

1- has the delay ended indeed after 22 years- was 2011 the beginning of the end?
Will the near future confirm this and if Yes! what have we to do?

2- what was the root cause of the delay - outer oppression, intrinsic invincible difficulty of the task, before-its time  discovery, erroneous global strategy, persistence in error, simple bad luck?

3- can be ignored with contempt my idea that Fleischmann and Pons have discovered an incomplete, under-developed temperature- and purity- impaired form of LENR that cannot grow up without metamorphosis?

4- is my 1995 slogan-question-answer"Why Technology First?" a stupid violation of the rules of the Scientific Method and nothing more, even if we take in consideration what I wrote at Motto today?

DAILY NEWS

1) Jean-Paul Biberian sends:
JOURNAL OF CONDENSED MATTER NUCLEAR SCIENCE Experiments and Methods in Cold Fusion VOLUME 18, February 2016
http://lenr-canr.org/acrobat/BiberianJPjcondensedq.pdf

2) Stoyan Sarg Sargoytchev
Nickel-Hydrogen Cold fusion by Intermediate Rydberg State of Hydrogen:
Selection of the Isotopes for Energy Optimization and Radikoactive Waste Minimization
http://vixra.org/pdf/1401.0169v1.pdf 

3) LENR on Reddit
https://www.reddit.com/r/LENR/

4) ZPEnergy 
Brilliant Light Power Demonstration, January 28th 2016
Date: Friday, February 05, 2016 @ 16:48:14 EST
Topic: Devices

http://www.zpenergy.com/modules.php?name=News&file=print&sid=3683

5) E-Cat acknowledges the existence of Brilliant Light Power:
http://ecat.org/2016/brilliant-light-power/


6) Andrea Rossi Blogsite

Momanhan- not nice, but natural question

Andrea
Have you been teaching your Ecat know how knowledge to your next generation? If something happens to you, humanity will not set back another 25 years. So teach your sons, your daughters, your next of kin….your students
Andrea Rossi
Momanhan:
I have transferred the necessary information to the due persons.
I am not indispensable.
Warm Regards,
A.R.
Neri Accornero the good video discussed at notes
Dear Dr. Rossi, following the previous mail I published on youtube and on vimeo, with your permission, this video concerning your work. I hope people will understand that your E-CAT is a commercial reality although official Media , and Governs still do non care. I think the world must be prepared to this incredible change.
Sincerely
Neri Accornero

Andrea Rossi
February 5th, 2016 at 2:30 PM

Neri Accornero:
Thank you for your strong help. I think it is necessary a massive commercialization: today the commercial reality of the E-Cat is confined in the 1 MW plant in operation in the factory of the Customer.
Warm Regards,
A.R.


Andrea Rossi daily report
February 6th, 2016 at 9:43 AM

Rudolf Heinz:
Thank you for your attention to my US Patent.
Update at 09.43 of Saturday Feb 06 2016:
1 MW E-Cat: stable
E-Cat X: continuing the tests in good standing with new experiments focused on the direct production of electricity.
Warm Regards,
A.R.


Andrea Rossi about the Test- nothing new
February 6th, 2016 at 9:40 AM

Antonio:
1- Still do not know, up to the end. Anything can happen anytime to cause a delay.
2- If all will go well, we will start the industrialization process. No more demos will be made. Other plants will be sold. I do not know if the Customer will want to expose himself or not and this, obviously, will not depend on me.
Warm Regards,
A.R.
7) Interview with Andrew Hrischanovich (Nick Oseyko)
Posted on February 6, 2016 by Frank Acland

http://www.e-catworld.com/2016/02/06/interview-with-andrew-hrischanovich-nick-oseyko/

8) Tales From the Laboratory of Experimental Physics: LENR Research in Ukraine and Russia by Andrew Hrischanovich (Parts 2 and 3 Added — Alan Smith)
Posted on February 5, 2016 by
Frank Aclandhttp://www.e-catworld.com/2016/02/05/tales-from-the-laboratory-of-experimental-physics-lenr-research-in-ukraine-and-russia-by-andrew-hrischanovich-alan-smith/

LENR IN CONTEXT-1

Possibly great news for Ed Storms' nanocracks-hydroton theory
New method for producing tiny cracks in electrodes may mean big boost for nanoelectronics
http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2016/02/160202110807.htm
Date:February 2, 2016
Source:KTH The Royal Institute of Technology
Summary:
The next generation of electronics, as well as ultra-sensitive medical diagnostics, could depend on near atomic scale cracks — or nanogaps — in electrodes. Now, researchers have developed a method that could pave the way for mass production of nanogap electrodes.

LENR IN CONTEXT-2

Key World Energy Statistics
https://www.iea.org/publications/freepublications/publication/KeyWorld_Statistics_2015.pdf

Renewable Energy Is Trouncing Fossil Fuels
Renewables were 68 percent of new electricity projects last year.

http://www.huffingtonpost.com/entry/renewable-energy-fossil-fuels_us_56b3770de4b04f9b57d899c8?

MIT Technology Review
February 6, 2016
Weekend Reads: The Global Energy Story



Friday, February 5, 2016

FEB 5, 2016 LENR AND HYDRINO ENERGY INFO; ARE THEY PARALLEL?

MOTTO





The same is true for Research Project Leaders- see below an example. Or more.
DAILY NOTES

A minimalist presentation of the BLP Demo

Impressive, well done. Serious professional. Design thinking in research. Focused on Engineering and Materials Science- chicken soup for my soul and my LENR Atomic Model. Very high Power values, no Energy Balance (lab people call it calorimetry). Randy -stratospheric IQ. Has alternative view of Quantum Mechanics.. Angrily rejects Cold Fusion. Anti-fan of Andrea Rossi- probably motivation in both cases on theoretical basis- he knows what is possible and also what is impossible. "We" can learn from him, he will not learn us what we want. My best friend Mike Carrell was sure up to his end that hydrinos "make" LENR. I suspect parallelity'
Demo's central certainty- continuous energy- coming, not obviously here yet.
BLP competitor of Rossi - good! High temperatures- inspiration for E-Cat X that became today even more complex than it was. It can be worse!
Best wishes of success to Mills and Andrea Rossi.

DAILY NEWS

1) The slides of the BLP presentation:
http://brilliantlightpower.com/wp-content/uploads/pdf/TechnicalPresentation1.8.16.pdf

About the Randy Mills's Brilliant demo:
2) Russ George:

3) Edmund Storms- in the spirit of fairness- but sad for LENR, says:
"Mills has clearly demonstrated a new and useful source of energy based on his explanation. His theory and his demonstration can also be used to explain how the Papp engine works.  Clearly, he has won the race for providing a source of clean energy for the future. 

 Unlike how LENR was advocated, Mills used his considerable smarts to develop a useful theory and then convinced wise investors to support his ideas. This approach was not used to advance LENR because no one could agree on how to proceed.  In addition, the explanations were too flawed to be useful in any case. Mills did it right. In addition, unlike Rossi, he is making the information known to the world.  Anyone can test the idea and see the effect. In contrast, Rossi has kept his method to cause LENR secret. Mills is on the right track. We in LENR are now being left in the dust to quarrel among ourselves about what to do next." 
Followed by many comments pro and contra demo.

3) Doug Marker has said:
The BLP demo and claims are stunning !. It looks like Randy Mills had it right about his hydrino theory. Amazing !.

The incredible part about the claims is that Einstein's opposition to Heisenberg's uncertainty principle seems to be vindicated !. Again, a stunning development if true.

In fact, Mill's claims essentially bypass the uncertainty principle and obsolete it. 

The next step if this is as it appears, is that Mills GUT (Grand Unification Theory) gains enormous credibility.
In total the claims and his GUT theory are a Science and Energy game changer !.

This deserves in-depth scrutiny and analysis.


4) Brian Ahern has expressed his negative enthusiasm re the Demo:
Mills showed nothing. He had a camera on an arcing system. He gave no quantitative data for output or input.

He relies on PV cells to capture the energy. Why not store the energy as hot water and then convert that source?

The answer is that would be too simple for him to carry out his long con. Godes and Rossi are working with oversized systems without showing any INDEPENDENT data on a laboratory scale.

A straightforward test would confirm the lack of energy production. Mills has proven nothing! 


5) Jack Cole has published a while ago Sun Cell Testing:
http://www.lenr-coldfusion.com/2014/08/26/sun-cell-lite-testing/

Broad spectra of opinions re the Demo at Vortex, CMNS, LENR Forum, E-Cat World etc.

6) From Rossi's blog


Andrea Rossi
Jaf Madeira:
06.00 p.m. of Thursday Feb 4 2016
1 MW E-Cat stable
E-Cat X becoming more complex.
Warm Regards,
A.R.

Andrea Rossi
Frank Acland:
“Complex” means that the E-Cat X is getting more complex technologically: this is positive. We are marching toward a product. F9.
Warm Regards,
A.R.


Andrea Rossi
Christine:
Thank you. The day I received the US Patent has been one of the most important of my life.
Update at 09.33 of Friday February 5th 2016:
1 MW Plant stable, an important leakage has been repaired few minutes ago.
E-Cat X: 2 in regular operation, one testing a new system to make electricity after what we learnt in the last experiment.
Warm Regards,
A.R.


7) Gennadiy Tarassenko looking for instruments and physicists for experiments
8) TOPIC: How risky is too risky? Evaluating the expected impact of high-risk/high-reward research 
LENR mentioned (Brillouin)

9) A short nice LENR just now video:
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=smrZFEJ0Yhs

From Google Scholar

10) Paper Title:
Low Energy Nuclear Reaction (LENR) – Sustainable and Green Energy: A Review

  Abstract
In this paper a review on recent development in Low Energy Nuclear Reaction (LENR) is presented along with scope and challenges. As the name suggests Low Energy Nuclear Reaction (LENR) is a phenomenon of nuclear reaction occurring in metal hydrides at ambient temperature. The products are generally Helium & significant amount of useful heat energy. During the process Transmutation of metal (host) occurs; occasionally producing some charged particles and neutrons. The LENR are successfully carried out with various elements namely; nickel, gold, palladium, platinum, titanium, certain superconducting ceramics, etc. LENR poses itself as a source of pollution free and inexhaustible energy source. It produces tremendous amount of heat energy during the reaction which surpasses all the available energy sources by a factor of hundredths to millions. Besides this it is also useful in transmutation of nuclear wastes. To initiate LENR there are various views floating around in scientific community. The purpose is to bring together two nuclei at low energy to fuse together as a single nucleus. A large amount of force is required which is generally obtained through plasma arc or accelerated high energy ions. But in case of LENR all the nuclear reaction occur at low energy thus saving excessive amount of energy required for activation. One of the most studied LENR involves palladium. The palladium is used at a loading between 0.9 and 0.94 to produce optimum results. It is a source of Energy which is more eco-friendly and productive than all the available energy sources known to us. Statistically 1% of the total Ni production can power the World that too at one-fourth the cost of burning fossils. Models are being developed with Carbon replacing Ni, thus it will convert carbon to nitrogen. LENR is also being developed for using nuclear wastes as fuel, transmuting them into non-radioactive elements. This will tag LENR as much greener and cleaner source. LENR is being also developed to be used as an alternative and richer energy source to radioactive fuels (like Pu-238), currently being used to power space probes. Thus it helps reduce the generation of hazardous nuclear wastes.

Periodical
Chapter
Chapter 8: Renewable and Alternative Energy System
Edited by
Mazlan Abdul Wahid, Syahrullail Samion, Aminuddin Saat, Nor Azwadi Che Sidik, Normah M. Ghazali, Nazri Kamsah, Azhar A. Aziz, Farid N. Ani, Haslinda M. Kamar and Mohsin Sies
Pages
507-511
DOI
10.4028/www.scientific.net/AMM.819.507
Citation
M. Z. Akhter, M. A. Hassan, "Low Energy Nuclear Reaction (LENR) – Sustainable and Green Energy: A Review", Applied Mechanics and Materials, Vol. 819, pp. 507-511, Jan. 2016


Online since

January 2016

L


LENR IN CONTEXT-2

Harold Jarche- we don't need bettter leaders
http://jarche.com/2016/02/we-dont-need-better-leaders/