Saturday, August 29, 2015



Better a diamond with a flaw than a pebble without.  (Confucius)

Nothing can have value without being an object of utility. (Karl Marx)

(dear Karl, this depends on how you define "utility"!)

NOTE. I apologize for calling WO 2015/127263 a PATENT in my blog issue of yesterday, it is a patent application

I have serious problems with axiology- my personal axiology; being too many 
years out of the capitalist system and having an unsolvable but very expensive problems with my ill son- I  decayed to zero understanding for symbolic values. I would exchange Luciano  Pavarotti's comb for a towel, despite my great admiration for his voice. I am collecting only quotations, papers, and books- all in electronic form. If it happens I become suddenly very rich, I would simply join the legions of billionaires
investing in LENR- but not in the PdD based type.

Today, investigating how Rossi's patent helps the penetration of LENR in the press
and not more in a Cinderella status- I am re-thinking what I know about value and perceived value.


TO not forget: the MFMP team is performing test GS4-2 just now, let's them wish success!

1) Patents, patents

2) Cold Fusion Heats Up: Fusion Energy and LENR Update

3) Rossi's E-cat: the slow death of a meme

4) New LENR low energy nuclear reactions patent gets approved and Andrea Rossi is back in action

5) Andrea Rossi says
August 28th, 2015 at 8:21 PM

Prof. David H Bailey ( Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory- Ret.- and University of Davis, California)
Prof. Jonathan M. Borwein ( University of Newcastle, Australia, Math laureate)
Thank you for your unbiased and very intelligent article on LENR published by the Huffington Post.
I am making my daily 16 hours inside the 1 MW plant in operation inside the factory of a Customer and your honest, unbiased and well informed article has given solace to my work, that I hope will be useful for something.
I do not know if at the end of this year of R&D and tests on course we will have positive or negative results, but I know that if we will have positive results the merit will be also of your encouragement.
Warm Regards,


and says about lithium:

Andrea Rossi
August 29th, 2015 at 6:40 AM

Lithium is enormously abundant and extremely cheap, if you consider the amount we use in an E-Cat, or even in one billion E-Cats. Read the numbers in the Lugano report.
Warm Regards,

6) Росси получил патент на E-Cat. Rossi obtains patent for E-Cat

7) Il dispositivo per la produzione di energia "free" e a zero impatto ambientale ECat ha ottenuto il brevetto USA.
The Americans start to write about A. Rossi
This is Thomas Whiple's paper The Peak Oil Crisis: Cold Fusion Gets a U.S. Patent

and so on... including the Nigerian and the Malaysian press etc.

The following papers are not about the patent of Rossi
9) Airbus Develops All Electric Cold Fusion Airplanes! 

10) Swiss company will operate EVs with cold fusion (In Norwegian language)

1110 Stanislav Konstantinov:"Review of everything, including cold fusion":
It is in English:
Journal of Computer and Electronic Sciences \
Available online at ©2015 
JCES Journal. Vol. 1(2), pp. 32-41, 28 February, 2015 
Review of some projects connected with of fundamental laws of physics
 Stanislav I. Konstantinov Department of Physical Electronics, St.Peterburg Stabe Pedagogieal University Russia  
A B S T R A C T 
Recognising the space environment (neo-ether) as a new corporeal entity provides the humankind with an inexhaustible source for conceptual innovations in many domains. Instantaneous transmission of the information and energy to anywhere in The Solar System, gravity control, generating unlimited amounts of electrical energy at subatomic level, fundamentally new electric motors, the power reactors on the basis of cold nuclear fusion (CNF). Formal science had not recognised new physical phenomena; nevertheless, many of those projects have been already in a stage of their technological implementation. 
Keywords: neo-ether, dipole, spin, palarization, vector magnetic field, scalar magnetic field, transverse waves, longitudinal waves, efficiency, reactor, perpetuum mobile


How does Rydberg Hydrogen Matter (RHM) form?
Part 1 of 2

Nucleation is the first step in the formation of a new crystalline structure via self-assembly or self-organization. Nucleation is typically defined to be the process that determines how long an observer has to wait before the new phase or self-organized structure appears. 

The probability that nucleation will begin is very sensitive to impurities present in the system. Because of this, it is often important to distinguish between heterogeneous nucleation and homogeneous nucleation. Heterogeneous nucleation occurs at nucleation sites on surfaces in the system. Homogenous nucleation occurs away from a surface. Rydberg matter formation begins with heterogeneous nucleation that occurs on a surface that hydrogen faces. 

Nucleation is a stochastic process where random factors dominate. No two identical systems are identical so nucleation will occur at different times and at different rates.] This behavior is similar to radioactive decay. nucleation theory predicts that the time you have to wait for nucleation decreases extremely rapidly when supersaturated. Supersaturation implies that a solution of more than one element and/or compound and/or their associated phases are present in a mixture and the state of this solution contains more of the dissolved material than could be dissolved by the solvent under normal circumstances. It can also refer to a vapor of a compound that has a higher (partial) pressure than the vapor pressure of that compound.

For example, hydrogen and lithium can exist in a supersaturated mixture where hydrogen and/or lithium and/or lithium hydride can nucleate nanoparticles of hydrogen, lithium, and/or lithium hydride. 
The generation of nanoparticles in a gas mixture is responsive to the manipulation of the supersaturating condition of the gas mixture.

Special conditions need to be met in order to generate a supersaturated solution. One of the easiest ways to do this relies on the temperature dependence of solubility. As a general rule, the more heat is added to a system, the more soluble a substance becomes. (There are exceptions where the opposite is true). Therefore, at high temperatures, more solute can be dissolved than at room temperature. If this solution were to be suddenly cooled at a rate faster than the rate of precipitation, the solution will become supersaturated until the solute precipitates to the temperature-determined saturation point. The precipitation or crystallization of the solute takes longer than the actual cooling time because the molecules need to meet up and form the precipitate without being knocked apart by the solvent. Thus, the larger the molecule, the longer it will take to crystallize due to the principles of Brownian motion.

The condition of supersaturation does not necessarily have to be reached through the manipulation of heat. The ideal gas law

PV = nRT

suggests that pressure and volume can also be changed to force a system into a supersaturated state. If the volume of solvent is decreased, the concentration of the solute can be above the saturation point and thus create a supersaturated solution. The decrease in volume is most commonly generated through evaporation. Similarly, an increase in pressure can drive a solution to a supersaturated state. All three of these mechanisms rely on the fact that the conditions of the solution can be changed quicker than the solute can precipitate or crystallize out.

Part 2 of 2

The formation of nanoparticles are best supported in a supersaturated gas solution where the temperature and/or its pressure is constantly changing. 

Heterogeneous nucleation of an alkali metal which includes hydrogen is supported by another alkali element metal(or chemical compound isoelectric mimics of the alkali metals) sitting on a transition metal substrate. The alkali deposits provides a template form which the nanoparticle will nucleate and grow. Examples of such nucleation template masks are potassium or lithium on the surface of iron or nickel. In the analysis of the Lugano fuel mix, lithium completely covered the 100 micron nickel fuel particle. 

In theory, a mixture of potassium and lithium should support faster development at lower temperatures of a supersaturation condition of a hydrogen gas mixture than a mix using lithium only.

and adds:

As documented in the AIRBUS patent, an alternative method in nanoparticle production is electric arcing. The arc produces the high temperatures and pressures needed for supersaturation in the gas that surrounds the arc. As seen in the experiment of Ken Shoulders, the arc will produce a zone of temperature and pressure drop at some distance from the arc where nanoparticles will form. The temperature and pressure drop that results when the arc stops will also meet the requirements of nanoparticle production. A rapidly repeating high voltage electric arc on/off cycle will maximize nanoparticle production in a gas mixture. 


3 Problem-Solving Methods: Funny Names, Big Ideas

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