I like to be right, to be able to understand what happens and even, by climbing high on the DIKW scale (http://egooutpeters.blogspot.ro/2013/02/advises-for-young-lenr-workers-some.html see here please “Arthur C. Clarke”) to predict things that will come. In a few cases, I almost succeeded- but this is, in part, a problem of interpretation.
I have composed this in 1998, in the frame of a small essay written for the Cold Fusion book of my friend Hideo Kozima.
I personally think that the root of troubles and the start point of the final solution for Cold Fusion is its inherent catalytic nature: all the unexpected and highly desirable phenomena take place in very limited active areas, and the research strategy is to breed and multiply and reinforce and enhance these active areas.
1998- it was before the names LENR and NAE became popular, the year when the paper of Google’s young founding fathers: http://citeseerx.ist.psu.edu/viewdoc/summary?doi=10.1.1.109.4049 made me enthusiastic, more by instinct because I have not understood it completely and I am especially proud of it (and I hope Info Google will be followed by an even greater Energy Google, now!). 1998- nobody knew then what a blog is. And it was the most dreadful year of my life- my son Robert’s cancer has demonstrated that it cannot be stopped. Hope has died before him.
However we have to discuss especially the last sentence from my prophesy. I think the main difference between lazy LENR classic and productive LENR+ is that in the second case the active sites are effectively and continuously generated, “in situ” during the entire process. LENR classic works with preformed active sites and has scaring problems due to the competition of hydrogen (deuterium) with other gases for occupying those vital places.
A very good analogy is rabbits (fast light) and pigs (slow, heavy)
fighting desperately for burrows (holes) on a meadow. The animals not hiding are hunted by predators as foxes, wolfs, eagles, hawks, humans, whatever The pigs are lurking everywhere in compact groups and have (really, the animals) a much higher IQ that the rabbits. The pigs have more chances to be in the right place at the right time, so they will occupy the newly found holes on a meadow. The rabbits will lose the contest and will be eaten by the hungry carnivores, with few, very lucky exceptions. Does this remind the reproducibility problem to you?
The impurities- any gas molecule different from deuterium, any component of air - as nitrogen and all those S, C and N containing polar gases plus light hydrocarbons all these compete successfully with D. They are ubiquitous- they are pre-adsorbed on the surface of the cathode and dissolved up to saturation in heavy water. Light D cannot displace the heavier gas molecules and does not enter the much desired active sites.
Piantelli has solved the problem by very deep degassing, see his recent patent EP2368252B1,
LENR+ solves this problem because it is based on a continuous formation of active sites and hydrogen is much faster than all the other gases which could be present; plus it is used in some activated (not molecular) form.
Imagine rabbits and pigs on a meadow where miraculously holes are formed instantly, it is obvious that the much higher mobility of the rabbits will be a decisive advantage, the pigs will arrive there much too late.
When I have concluded that gaseous impurities make CF non-reproducible many years ago, I was inspired inter alia by an extreme example- emulsion polymerization of some acrylates, 20 ppb sulphur compound can destroy a batch completely- you don't get a latex but a sticky mass (mess). Analysis is too difficult for such trace quantities; the problem is solved pragmatically- a little spoonful of copper salt is added to each batch and inactivates the killer S compound completely. Is this method -scientific? What about cutting Gordian knots when other methods do not work? Better good than scientific!
Re rabbits and pigs: I well know that any analogy, metaphor, techno-parable, story, whatever when examined too carefully is in part false and has a healthy dose of idiocy in it, but this does not impair its creative functionality and illuminating relevancy. This is valid for the historical examples of difficult birth or acceptance used to justify the situation of CF/LENR as the dawn of aviation or the initial fiascos of the semiconductors- because our case is so peculiar, strange and specific. If you find this essay is too sad, please read this:
http://writingenglish.wordpress.com/2006/09/12/the-25-funniest-analogies-collected-by-high-school-english-teachers/ but come back because my formation of LENR+ sirens still has lots of songs for you.
Perhaps it is this is a good opportunity to make order and to re-define the basic concepts: active sites (at plural) and NAE (at singular). Taking in account the publications of DGT and some messages of Yiannis Hadjichristos on our forums;
- the nano-cavities where the desired energy generating events take place are active sites;
- the reactor volume where the conditions, the context, the technical environment that stimulates hydrogen to enter the places for reactions and to do what they have to do, this is
My favorite CF/LENR discussion partner, Abd tries to convince me that perhaps LENR is actually a mystery, and this idea is inspiring and we have to accept and enjoy it. As many colleagues do. I have joined this movement on
March 24, 1989
because I understood that‘s the new clean source of energy that can replace all
the other, including atomic (fission) energy that has disappointed our
generation. If I wish contacts with the mysterious other great domains of
Culture –art, religion, are more adequate.
Awe and admiration of the Cosmos or of Life – are signs of a positive approach, mystery has something passive in it, as when Reason takes a nap. No mystery can satisfy my intellectual curiosity; any and all mysteries that suck the blood of some practical problems will become my enemies. A mysterious
problem is one that cannot be solved. Mysterious LENR will
not give us usable energy, just unanswerable questions and stress.
I guess there are some masochistic traits in an attitude of mysteryphilia. Otherwise we have plenty of mysteries to think about- things too complicated, too dynamic, too paradoxically
auto-contradictory to be understood by our limited brains- let’s tell only about a few: prime numbers, evolution, photosynthesis, bad thinking, political stupidity, the “means cannibalizing aims” tragedy (I started to write about it), hating people with diverging opinions, the financial crisis etc.
Abd is, in the best sense of the word, an idealist. I am (now irreversibly) pragmatic and narrowly realist. Cold Fusion mystery is not for me.
I will not ask if I have predicted LENR+, and I will not whine about Cassandra Syndrome and "geography is destiny". And history is a prison, sometimes, and I am not focusing on it.
I prefer to contribute as much I can to LENR+’s fast progress.